CURRICULUM REVIEW: ART 1, BASIC ART INTRODUCTION
Art 1 is a basic foundations course which analyzes and interprets Art Elements in different art media. Students experience various studies in media processes, techniques and control in drawing, painting, lettering, calligraphy, graphics and sculpture. Topics were always varied, open to change and were all not covered in the same academic year. Student work stressed skill development, creative interpretations and meeting competence standards.
|PLEASE NOTE: Links for one content sample are provided for some topics. Use forward links on the top/end of each web page's topic or see CHOICES directory for other experiences.Indicates new changes at times.|
A. BASIC DRAWING (4 Weeks)
Objective: Learning the 3 basic pencil drawing techniques; developing values; practices and applications.
- Tonal Blends---Study of 3 pencil rendering styles with 6 values; skill practice of 3 simple shapes demonstrating each method with 3 values. See: Values and Line
- Monochromatic Application---Pencil video; composition of 5 shapes demonstrating value variations with limited color; 5 or more pencil techniques to be displayed; 1 hue dominance with dark hue for shadow blends. See: Value 3
- Reverse Light Drawing--Reversing black tonal values on white to white tonal values on black. See: Contrast
B. INTRODUCTION TO DESIGN (5 weeks)
NOTE: See: Evaluations for this area.
Objective: Practices in basic art foundations; design principles and elements; art terminology; interpreting in multi-media.
- Line---Development of an idea to be expressed with various line forms, thickness and movements; contour study of precise line placement; creation of a simple composition which demonstrates an arrangement of overlapping, moving, opaque or transparent shapes using collage materials. Design enhanced with texture. See: Line Foundations
- Texture---Visual representation of surface textures; imaginative linear designs of created texturals for enhancement of specific areas and details. See: Texture 2
- Shape---Naturalistic, free form, geometric, and abstract variations;creation of a simple composition with overlapping, opaque or transparent shapes composed of collage materials; texture enhancement. See: Many Shape Varieties
- Repetition---shape duplication in the design area; realistic or abstract forms. See: Introduction
- Positive/Negative Design---Creating new, inventive shapes by single, double and triple cutting a large curved, angular or combination lines on an axis. Free, creative design contrasting preplanned ideas and constructions. See: P/N shapes
|C. CHARCOAL DRAWING (3 weeks)
Objective: Learning value control with 2 different charcoal types; light and dark values with a new media; development of drawing skills.
- Skill practice---Showing 4 values of each charcoal type and 4 values blended together. See: Charcoal
- Skill practice---Drawing a large rectangular object in perspective as a solid, closed, open, and overlapped form. Applying valued to the shapes. See: Rectangles
- Skill practices---Drawing and rendering cylinder forms-open, closed, opaque and transparent; compilation of all practices. See: Cylinders
- Skill practice---Using photo resources. Rendering shadows, reflections, ellipses, overlapping and transparent shape composition.
- Summary design---Large drawing based on a theme demonstrating the practiced experiences. See: Summary Design
|D. PASTELS AND COLOR, WET TECHNIQUE (2 weeks)
Objective: Applying values with a different media; basic color blends; setting pastels with water.
- Skill practice--- color mixing and blending exercises; wet and dry methods. See: Introduction
- Shapes and Values--- adding color in layers. See: Pastel Layers
- Summary design---5 large, well balanced shapes with 3 values in each; background rendered in large washes, texture design or charcoal blends. See: Summary Design
|E. GRID DRAWING (3 weeks)
Objective: Precise drawing with grid enlargement; creating a drawing with surrealistic principles.
- Pictorial resources---Used to create a colorful collage showing unusual color, unreal combinations, fantasy arrangement with 5-6 images. Application of a small grid over the collage. See: Introduction and Evaluations
- Design is enlarged---With a 2" grid outlined in ball point pen. See above.
- Transfer---To final format. Colored pencil rendering; tonal values, textures and accuracy of proportional enlargement stressed. See: Applications
|F. PAINTING: COLOR STUDY (6 weeks)
Objective: How we see color; differences between light and pigment; color classifications and tempera mixtures and applications.
- Primary hues---Used to mix seconday, intermediate, complementary and analogous mixes. See: Color
- Tints---Raising intensity of a hue by adding white. See: Tints
- Shades---Lowering intensity by adding black. See: Shades
- Neutral Hues---Skill practice with hues + theirs complement; selection of one for final blends. See: Complements and Evaluations
- Grid design.---Development of a repeat pattern into a large grid of 6 areas--each illustrating one of the color systems. See: Tempera Apps
- Painting skill practices.---Brush variations and wooden stick texture painting; broad stroke, pointillism, color blending. See: Basics
- Class Practice---Correct order of painting, painting over a sketch; high to low values. See: Practice
- Summary Design.---A large painting to show competence with 3 different painting techniques, color values and surface textures; correct order of painting. Summary Designs
|G. WATER COLOR PAINTING (6 weeks)
Objective: Learning some basic techniques in handling a free-flowing, runny, transparent medium.
- Wash Practices---Controlling graded, flat, mixed, wet-in-wet, and wax resist in color blends. See beginning : Basics
- Comparison Studies---Warm, cool, painting in layers, and brush-style techniques. See: Contrasts
- Layer Study---Wet and dry brush applications. See: Skill 1
- Black Wash---Handling a strong neutral color. See: Skill 2
- Composition Practices---Putting it all together. See: Part 1
- Summary Design---Sketches in any art style; painting to demonstrate different techniques of water color painting. See: Apps 1
- Exam Time---Quarter Exam texting. See: Test
|H. LETTERING, CALLIGRAPHY AND POSTER DESIGN (4 Weeks)
Objective: learning the tools of communication arts; word, symbol, presentation, color impact and application of advertising principles.
- Font Identification---Learning the basic terminoloty of letter structure and styles; collecting and identifying 9 major letter/font styles. See: Styles
- Mechanical Spacing---Pencil skill practices with guide lines, ruler measurement and spacing of words; drawing poster letters with thickness; Roman style with serifs; italicized words. See: Mechanical Spacing (animation)
- Optical Spacing---Drawing with visual sense and good judgement. See: Optical Spacing (animation)
- Summary design---A full page of varied measured and estimated words with several letter styles and thicknesses. Assignment
- Challenge--Extra credit assignment of varied sizes and styles. Not more than 2 errors for extra credit. See: Challenge
- Calligraphy---Study of 3 basic calligraphy styles in ink and using the pen points for each; proper handling for Roman, Gothic and Script styles; word structures with case, height and width variation; See: Roman (animation)
|I. SHOWCARD DESIGN (6 weeks)
NOTE--See: Evaluations grouped for this area.
Objective:Summary design in a collage assimilation of the calligraphy and writing skills practiced.
- 5 Favorites.---Layout of 5 words expressing personal favorites, each illustrating a different font style and case with lettering pens. See: Favorites
- Student Name.---Ink calligraphy of any font style/re-design in a curved arrangement. See: Names
- Invented Letters.---Selection and re-design of one letter 2 different ways in collage materials. See: New Letters
- Logo Design.---Grouping of 3 letters for a known or invented company; 3 materials to be used. See: Logos
- Creative Writing.---15-20 words lettered in Script with other fonts for word emphasis or contrast. See: Script
- Assemblage---All 5 design areas arranged as a showcard unit. See: Completed Works
| J. STENCIL COLLAGE (1-3 weeks)
Objective:Positive and negative shapes become an overlapped, repetitious arrangement in a mixed media pattern design.
- Cut Shapes.---Simple, natural objects and free forms are the basis for the design. See: Stencil 1
- Transparent Design---Working with one unified hue and blending in transparent materials with open areas makes for a very interesting combination. See: Stencil 3
|K. PERSPECTIVE (2-3 weeks)
Objective:---Understanding the concept of receding shapes to suggest distance; vocabulary; practices.
- One Point Perspective---Study of above, below and at eye level; right and left views; skill practices and final drawing.
- Two Point Perspective---2 sets of receding paralles; skill practices and final drawing.
- Extra Credits---Looking above or below views; creative interpretations.
|L. SCULPTURE (4-8 weeks)
Objective:Sculpture in the round; learning to visualize shape continuance from side to side; vocabulary; various sculpture studies; direct, free form carving.
- Stage 1---Plaster mixing; removal from milk carton, rounding edges with fettling knives; experiencing very moist condition. See: Mixing
- Stage 2---Rough carving of shape continues; open forms an option; blocks drying out.
- Stage 3---Dry state; using rasps to define contours, create openings and grooves, and remove carving marks. Tools
- Stage 4---Finishing begun with medium grade sandpaper; rasp marks removed; continues on with finer grade until surface is as smooth as possible, no pits or cracks visible.
- Stage 5---Surface rubbed with damp muslim and then painted with milk to seal it. See: Finished Sculptures
- ICOSAHEDRON---A polygon offering many design insertions based on theme orientation. See: Polygon
M. GRAPHICS (3-4 weeks)
Objective: Cardboard blocks designed in level; crayon printing and expanding to crayon resists.
- Tagboard Block Prints---Sketches for 4 layered block shapes; cut textures, heavy fabrics and 3D materials encouraged in design; review of crayon color printing in single color, warm, cool, mixed, reversal and a large repeat design. See: Graphics Intro 2
- Mixed Media Graphics---Interval design as basic block; crayon prints made; some prints used for Crayon Resists. See: Graphics Intro 3
- Corregated Cardboard---Box sides as block print makers; cutting by levels; smooth and rippled areas. See: Level cutting
- Finishing---Multiple printing and collage amalgamation. See: Assimilation
N. STYLES IN ART (3-4 weeks)
NOTE- See: Unit Evaluations for all styles.
Objective: Competence in diversified rendering of the same composition; sketches on a variety of topics; individual practices and assimilated in one format.
- Naturalistic---Show tonal blending, surface textures, 3 or more values, pencil rendering. See: Introduction (animation)
- Geometric/Abstract---Modify the shapes by splitting, exaggeration, line design, textures, new contours; markers and colored pencil rendering, collage optional. See: Abstraction
- Positive/Negative Design---Have 4 or more changeover lines and paint in 1 hue + black and white. See: Examples
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