FOUNDATIONS NO.2 ........ COLOR CLASSIFICATIONS
With oil paints or simple crayons, the element of COLOR is so powerful. There are many aspects to explore---among them: Value, Tints, Shades, Color Classifications, and Color Neutralization.
Color classification "systems" have been devised to organize and identify color relationships. A most familiar one is the 12 hue "Color Wheel" introduced by Johannes Itten (1888-1967) which places the PRIMARY colors equidistant from each other. In-between the primaries are the "SECONDARY" colors. In between the primary and secondary colors are the INTERMEDIATES (also called the TERTIARIES).
The Primary or "First" colors--red, yellow and blue-- cannot be made from any others. The Secondary colors--orange, green and violet, result from mixing the primary's together. The Intermediates are unequal mixtures of secondary blends. The typical color wheel is shown below.
Color Mixing Practice Sheet
Complements Color + Complement Split Complement
One Color Tints One Color Shades Monochromatic
The left practice sheet (download HERE) shows 3 aspects of painting the color wheel: color blends, color classifications and texture painting. Only the Primary colors were used. Smooth brush blends are shown in the inner circle. Texture painting in the same intensity using a common wooden popsicle stick is shown on the outer circle.
The small samples from left to right illustrate some common color classifications: "Complements"-- colors + their "opposites"(the color directly opposite another by going through the color wheel center point); "Neutralization"--various blends of 1 hue (color) with its opposite, in this case yellow and purple; "Split Complement"--the hues to the left and right of a color's opposite, like yellow-orange, blue and violet; "Tints"--hue (blue shown) blends with white; "Shades"--hue (green shown) blends with black; and "Monocromatic"--different intensities of 1 hue with others, red shown. Analogous colors are those side by side like red violet, blue, blue green and green. Any 3 colors equally distant from each other can form a triad as red orange, yellow green and blue violet.
|Create a color palette of your own! You'll need 1 shape for each color and as many shapes as defined by the color group. Your name, a "theme" of any kind--sports, gardening, tools, food, etc. can be a good study. See practice sheets below or create 6 overlapping shapes and form a 12 hue color wheel "design" of your own! For examples click HERE and HERE!|
For fun and an experience in viewing 216 computer colors, see The Color Cube!
|From practices we go to color applications using the various blends into compositions. See Tempera Color Applications and check out design options and how they were met. Also, to check out a bit more about color, you might like to visit another web site about Color Theory.|